Pivonice u Lesoňovic, Žďár nad Sázavou distr., Vysočina Region

Medieval lime kilns and castle Pyšolec

(from the 1st third of the 14th cent. to the 17th cent.)

Fragments of the stone construction of the kiln in the terrain.

Fragments of the stone construction of the kiln in the terrain.

Photo A. Knechtová, 2015.

The medieval lime kiln near the ruins of Pyšolec Castle belongs to a production facility that has shaped the local forest landscape. The castle developed in the first third of the 14th century; in the 2nd half of the 15th century, it is already described as deserted. Today, we can especially see the deep neck ditch, behind which the narrow lower ward lay. It seems to have mainly served defensive purposes. The castle itself was created as a two-storey residential building with the remains of a cylindrical, tower-like bergfried of 9.5 m in diameter. The production area is composed of a number of parts: the lime kilns (discovered during the archaeological excavation in 2010), mining and slag heaps, mining pits, clay pits and charcoal piles. Today, they appear as anthropogenic depressions in the ground.

References: Plaček 2001; Endlicherová – Korbička 2011, 2012; Endlicherová – Korbička – Všianský 2014.

Navigation point: N 49°32‘13.05“, E 16°19‘51.71“ (edge of the Kobylnice village).

Map notes: 1 – castle; 2 – lime works; A – lime kiln; B – heap; C – kiln slag; D – exploited area of the lime quarry; E – mining pit (clay pit); F – charcoal pile. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.