Nechvalín, Hodonín distr., Southern Moravia Region

Medieval fortified manor Klobouk

(14th–15/16th cent.)

Upper ward encircled by earthwork and ditch from the south-west.

Upper ward encircled by earthwork and ditch from the south-west.

Photo L. Kundera.

The Klobouk fortified manor has an atypical two-part ground plan. There are remains of the motte on a specifically shaped hill; since vegetation is missing, the ground plan is well visible. It consisted of an upper ward on the north side and a lower ward on the east side. The oval lower ward was protected by a neck ditch (15 m wide and up to 3 m deep) and an earthwork. The upper ward was enclosed by an earthwork and moat (23 m wide and 4.5 m deep). The first mention of Nechvalín stems from the 13th century; however, already in early medieval times, a court might have been situated here, which is indicated by the find of four graves with swords dated into the Moravian Period. By the mid-14th century a manor palace was erected at this spot, which already in 1529 was referred to as deserted. The site was first mentioned in 1930; the last summary of the findings stems from 2001.

References: Unger 1975; Nekuda – Unger 1981; Plaček 2001.

Navigation point: N 49°03‘10.15“, E 17°04‘27.16“.

Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.

Sto zajímavých archeologických lokalit Moravy a Slezska – Nechvalín