Mikulov na Moravě, Břeclav distr., Southern Moravia Region

Mikveh – Jewish ritual bath

(18th cent.)

Archaeological excavation of a mikveh in an underground room.

Archaeological excavation of a mikveh in an underground room.

Photo A. Knechtová, 2004.

The mikveh (ritual bath) of Mikulov, Moravia, represents a unique example of an archaeological find of a Jewish ritual facility. The Jewish community of Mikulov developed in the mid-15th century and was the largest in Moravia until the mid-19th century. In the 2nd half of the 20th century, large parts of the centre of the Jewish quarter were demolished; from the original 317 houses only 90 have remained. Among the most important preserved buildings are two Jewish schools, the nursing home and the Horní synagoga (‘Upper Synagogue’). In 2004, a cellar with a Jewish ritual bath was uncovered on the site of the parking park in Brněnská Street. After the excavation, the remains were reconstructed and can be visited through a new entrance. Today, the mikveh is part of the educational trail named ‘Památky židovské čtvrti v Mikulově’ ('Jewish Quarter Heritage Site in Mikulov') with information boards and panels on all important buildings.

References: Kuča 1998; Samek 1999; Klenovský 1994, 2001; Kubín 2004.

Navigation point: N 48°48‘31.32“, E 16°38‘09.90“ (entrance from the U Staré brány street).

Map notes: 1, 2 – Jewish schools; 3 – nursing home; 4 – synagogue; 5 – well; A – mikveh. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.