Louňovice pod Blaníkem, Benešov dist., Central Bohemian Region

Prehistoric hillfort and Medieval castle

(6th–5th cent. BC, Middle Ages)

Velký Blaník mountain from south-west.

Velký Blaník mountain from south-west.

Photo J. Marounek, 2008.

Mt Velký Blaník is a venerated site in Bohemia, although there is no major explicit reason for this status. Located on top of the hill, the small fortification of the Late Hallstatt and Early La Tène Periods is reminiscent of an earlier type of fortified settlements with ritual function. Main remnants of the hillfort consist of two concentric stone banks without ditches. The hillfort´s centre was probably destroyed by construction of a medieval castle, to which the innermost rectangular bank and a platform are related. In the 15th century the mountain also served as a pilgrimage site; a century later the myth of the ‘Blaník knights’ first appeared. According to this legend, an army led by St Wenceslaus (Václav) is believed to be waiting inside the mountain to appear and rescue Bohemia during its darkest hour.

References: Šolle 1988; Čtverák a kol. 2003; Waldhauser 2012a.

Navigation points: N 49°38'29.75", E 14°52'16.78" (southwest).

Map notes: A – outer (prehistoric) bank; B – inner (prehistoric) bank; C – inner (medieval) bank; D – ditch around the central platform. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.

Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.

Archeologický atlas Čech – Louňovice pod Blaníkem
Šolle, M. 1988: Halštatsko‐laténské hradiště Velký Blaník: rekonstrukce archeologického výzkumu z r. 1940, Archeologické rozhledy 15/1, 97–102.