Kováry, Kladno dist., Central Bohemian Region
Early Medieval hillfort ‘Budeč’
The Early Medieval hillfort of ‘Budeč’ is traditionally connected with the memory of St Wenceslaus (Václav). The fortification here was built at the turn of the 10th century, at the same time as the Rotunda of Sts Peter and Paul, the oldest standing church in Bohemia. Parts of the fortified acropolis, an Early Medieval cemetery and settlement remains at the bailey were uncovered during long-term archaeological excavations in the 1970s and 1980s. The stronghold was heavily damaged in the first half of the 10th century, and a mass grave found at the site ‘Na Týnici’ (with 30-60 skeletons of young men) probably also dates to this period. After the hillfort was repaired, a new Church of the Virgin Mary was erected. The site was used by the Bohemian ruling family until the mid 13th century.
References: Bartošková – Štefan 2006; Štefan – Krutina 2009; Bartošková 2014.
Navigation points: N 50°11'43.82", E 14°14'47.68" (north); N 50°11'24.27", E 14°14'37.55" (south, site ‘Na Týnici’).
Map notes: A – acropolis; B – bailey; C–D – presumed baileys; E – Rotunda of Sts Peter and Paul; F – Church of the Virgin Mary; G – ‘Na kašně’, an archaeologically investigated part of the bailey; H – site ‘Na Týnici’. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.
Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.Archeologický atlas Čech – KováryBartošková, A. – Štefan, I. 2006: Raně středověká Budeč – pramenná základna a bilance poznatků (K problematice funkcí centrální lokality), Archeologické rozhledy 58/4, 724–757.Štefan, I. – Krutina, I. 2009: Raně středověké sídliště, hromadný hrob a pohřebiště na Budči (poloha Na Týnici). Ke vztahu archeologie a „událostí historie“, Památky archeologické 100, 119–212.