Březina, Olomouc distr., Olomouc Region
Prehistoric site and medieval castle Špránek
(15000–11000 BC, 1000–500 BC, 13th–15th cent.)
The prehistoric site and medieval rock castle with the remains of lime kilns in the karst region of Javoříčko was occupied already in the Upper Palaeolithic and in the Bronze Age. The castle was founded around 1300 and was deserted by the end of the 14th century. The ground plan is determined exclusively by local circumstances. The finds stem from field walking. The remains of a lime kiln below the castle by the Špránek Brook are unique; it was erected in the course of the construction of the castle. In the brook valley, there are dozens of later lime kilns from the 16th–19th centuries grouped into batteries.
References: Svoboda a kol. 1994; Tymonová 1996; Plaček 2001; Faltýnek – Šlézar – Ženožička 2012.
Navigation point: N 49°40‘02.46“, E 16°54‘16.83“ (castle).
Map notes: A – castle; B – ditches; C – lower ward; D – remains of a lime kiln; E – area surrounding the Žákův lom quarry; F –- concentration of kilns at the 'Joklova zmole' site. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.
Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.Sto zajímavých archeologických lokalit Moravy a Slezska – BřezinaFaltýnek, K. – Šlézar, P. – Ženožička, J. 2012: Lidové vápenictví v oblasti Javoříčského krasu, Zprávy Vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci 304, 44–63.pdf