Libušín, Kladno dist., Central Bohemian Region

Early Medieval hillfort

(10th–11th cent.)

St George church with a wooden bell tower located on the acropolis.

St George church with a wooden bell tower located on the acropolis.

Photo Z. Kačerová, 2013.

The Přemyslid hillfort from the 10th and 11th centuries was situated on the trade route between central Bohemia and the Ohře (Eger) River region. According to Cosmas’s Chronicle of the Czechs, the mythical Princess Libuše lived at the stronghold and was buried at the site; however, only a small unfortified settlement existed here during the earlier phases of the Middle Ages. The hillfort was probably built during the reign of Boleslav I (935-972), but since it was in competition with nearby ‘Budeč’, it probably belonged only to secondary centres. The hillfort includes an acropolis, two baileys and a fortified well.

References: Váňa 1973; Varadzin 2012.

Navigation points: N 50°09'40.60", E 14°01'55.24" (west); N 50°09'42.45", E 14°02'19.65" (east).

Map notes: A – second bailey; B – first bailey; C – acropolis; D – well, fortified by a simple stone wall with clay mortar. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.

Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.

Váňa, Z. 1973: Přemyslovský Libušín. Historie a pověst ve světle archeologického výzkumu. Památníky naší minulosti 7.
Varadzin 2012