Štramberk, Nový Jičín dist., Moravian-Silesian Region
(from 40000 years ago to the modern period)
The cave of Šipka became world-famous after the lower jaw of a Neanderthal child was found there. This find had a deep impact on the scientific disputes over the existence of the Neanderthals at that time. The excavation had started in 1879, the jaw was found a year later in about 12 m from the entrance, in front of the a pit called Jezevčí díra ('Badger Hole'), in a small niche almost at the original ground level (in a depth of 1.7 m), near a Middle-Palaeolithic fire place. The Šipka Cave is a relatively small cave, divided behind the entrance part into two corridors: Jezevčí díra ('Badger Hole') and Krápníková chodba ('Dripstone Corridor'). In addition, the cave yielded a large assemblage of stone tools. Two other fire places stem from the Middle Palaeolithic, and a hoard of bronze items belongs to the Bronze Age. Unfortunately, the find of the lower Neanderthal jaw was destroyed in a fire at Mikulov Castle in 1945.
References: Dohnal 1988; Grepl 1998; Čižmář 2004; Matoušek – Jenč – Peša 2005.
Navigation point: N 49°35‘16.08“, E 18°07‘08.45“.
Map notes: Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.
Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.Sto zajímavých archeologických lokalit Moravy a Slezska – Štramberk