Prague-Újezd nad Lesy, Prague

Deserted Medieval village ‘Hol’

(14th–15th cent.)

A tetra-partite house, probably bailiff's house. Sunken feature -a cellar, is in front.

A tetra-partite house, probably bailiff's house. Sunken feature -a cellar, is in front.

Photo Z. Kačerová, 2014.

The medieval village of ‘Hol’ existed from the 14th century to the 15th century. The axis of the village was a 500-metre-long village green surrounded by more than twenty homesteads. The main part of the homesteads was a three-compartment house, the dominant building type in Central Bohemian countryside up to the beginning of the 20th century. Structures such as cowsheds and other farm buildings were also often built of stone, since the surrounding area offered abundant supplies of sandstone, the extraction and export of which could have provided a living for some of the local residents. The homesteads were separated from one another by stone walls. Also preserved today are two wells and the field boundaries around the village.

References: Beránek 2011; Klír – Beránek 2012; Beránek 2014.

Navigation points: N 50°05'09.57", E 14°41'46.95".

Map notes: A–B – dams of Early Modern ponds; C – village green; D (also 14, 18) – homesteads; E – preserved wells; F – dunghill; G–H – field boundaries; J – probable field boundaries east of the village. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.

Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.

Beránek, M. 2011: Zaniklá vesnice v poloze „V Žáku“ v Klánovickém lese (Praha). K problematice plánovitých sídelních forem, Studia Mediaevalia Pragensia 10/1, 91–204.