Mikulov na Moravě, Břeclav distr., Southern Moravia Region

Mikveh – Jewish ritual bath

(18th cent.)

Archaeological excavation of a mikveh in an underground room.

Archaeological excavation of a mikveh in an underground room.

Photo A. Knechtová, 2004.

The mikveh (ritual bath) of Mikulov, Moravia, represents a unique example of an archaeological find of a Jewish ritual facility. The Jewish community of Mikulov developed in the mid-15th century and was the largest in Moravia until the mid-19th century. In the 2nd half of the 20th century, large parts of the centre of the Jewish quarter were demolished; from the original 317 houses only 90 have remained. Among the most important preserved buildings are two Jewish schools, the nursing home and the Horní synagoga (‘Upper Synagogue’). In 2004, a cellar with a Jewish ritual bath was uncovered on the site of the parking park in Brněnská Street. After the excavation, the remains were reconstructed and can be visited through a new entrance. Today, the mikveh is part of the educational trail named ‘Památky židovské čtvrti v Mikulově’ ('Jewish Quarter Heritage Site in Mikulov') with information boards and panels on all important buildings.

References: Kuča 1998; Samek 1999; Klenovský 1994, 2001; Kubín 2004.

Navigation point: N 48°48‘31.32“, E 16°38‘09.90“ (entrance from the U Staré brány street).

Map notes: 1, 2 – Jewish schools; 3 – nursing home; 4 – synagogue; 5 – well; A – mikveh. Map symbols are available in the Downloads section.

Selected fulltext articles and reports for further reading. Complete bibliographical records are available in the Downloads section as the List of publications.

Kubín, P. 2004: Zpráva o archeologickém výzkumu na Brněnské ulici v Mikulově, Sborník Regionálního muzea v Mikulově [online]. Dostupné z: www.rmm.cz/regiom/2004/archeo.pdf.